Teaching Listening should be conducted as effective as possible. An English Teacher should know the principle of teaching Listening, see the twelve principles that should know by teachers in Teaching Language HERE).Moerly and Lawrence state that there are some general principle in teaching Listening Comprehension, they are:
- Listening Comprehension lessons must have definite goals, carefully stated. These goals should fit into the overall curriculum and both teacher and students should be clearly cognizant of what they are.
- Listening Comprehension lessons should be constructed with careful step by step planning. Teacher should plan the lesson from the simple materials to the more complex one, such as: what to listen for, where to listen, when to listen, how to listen.
- Listening Comprehension lesson structure should demand active overt student participation.
- Listening Comprehension lessons should provide a communicative urgency for remembering in order to develop concentration.
- Listening Comprehension lessons should stress conscious memory work. One of the goals of listening is to strengthen the students immediate recall in order to increase their memory spans.
- Listening Comprehension lessons should “teach”, not “test.” By this, Moerly means that the purpose of checking the students’ answers should be viewed only as feedback, as way of letting the students find out how they did and how they are progressing. There should be no pass/fail attitude associated with the correction of the exercises.
Paulston Christina Bratt, Mary Newton Bruder.1989. Teaching English as a Second Language: Techniques and Procedures. Cambridge: Winthrop Publishers, Inc.